General information

The secular state of Azerbaijan, the official name of the Azerbaijan Republic, is located in the eastern part of the Caucasus on the coast of the Caspian Sea. The country stretches over an area of ​​86,600 km.

The capital is Baku. The state language is Azerbaijani.

Unitary state, presidential republic. In October 2003, Ilham Aliyev took over as president.

It is subdivided into 66 districts, 11 cities of republican subordination and 1 autonomous republic - the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.
It has a land border with several countries - Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Iran. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, an exclave of Azerbaijan, borders with Armenia in the northeast, Iran in the southwest, and Turkey in the northwest.

The average temperature in summer is + 26-30 ° C, in winter + 4-8 ° C.
The monetary unit is Azerbaijani manat AZN. Time zone UTC + 4. Calling code +994.


Any acquaintance with a country begins with its history. The history of Azerbaijan is so ancient, so rich, that putting it in a few lines is like looking at the world with your eyes closed.
Judge yourself: the territory of Azerbaijan has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era. Confirmation of this is the parking of primitive people, which scientists discovered in several places of the republic - found in the Azykh cave, Gobustan and other protected areas. Everyone can see and even "touch" the history, it is enough just to wish and come.

From the 2nd century BC. e. Until 705, the polyethnic kingdom of Caucasian Albania existed on the territory of modern Azerbaijan, while the southeastern regions were part of Atropatena. In the 8th century, the territory of Caucasian Albania and Atropatena were part of the Arab Caliphate with the spread of Islam and Islamic culture. But, as philosophers say, nothing is eternal on earth. The caliphate disintegrates, and instead of it the territory is divided into a number of feudal states (Shirvanshahs, Salarids, Sajids, Sheddadids and Ravvadids). And this period of history also left its "traces" in Azerbaijan, which can be traversed now to learn more about the country.
In the 11th century, the Seljuk Empire conquered the territories of the feudal states. As a result of the migration of Turkic tribes, the Turkicization of the ancient population of the region (Albanian and Iranian tribes) begins, which leads to the beginning of the formation of the Azerbaijani ethnos, which ends mainly by the end of the 15th century.
In the 13th century, the Mongol invasion began. At that time, the territory of modern Azerbaijan fell under the rule of the Hulaguids and Timurids, after the weakening of which the power of the Turkoman states of Kara-Koyunlu and Ak-Koyunlu spreads in the region.

At the beginning of the 16th century, the territory of Azerbaijan was part of the Safavid state. Mono-ethnic semi-independent Azerbaijani khanates existed from 1747 to the beginning of the 19th century.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the territories once occupied by the khanates became part of the Russian Empire. The power of the Russian emperor divides the annexed territories into provinces and districts, sending their governors to them.

In 1918, after the collapse of the empire on the territory of the Eastern Transcaucasia, the independence of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was declared. In April 1920, the Azerbaijan SSR was formed, which has been part of the USSR since 1936. In 1991, the Republic of Azerbaijan declares independence and secedes from the USSR. And for 30 years now, Azerbaijan, an independent republic and a secular state, has been building its policy based on international integration, but taking into account the national interests, requirements and wishes of its own people.
The territorial integrity of Azerbaijan was restored 30 years later. During the hostilities, the national army liberated the Fizuli, Jabrayil, Zangilan and Gubadli regions, parts of the Terter, Khojavend, Khojaly and Shusha regions, occupied by Armenia, together with the city of Shusha, which is considered the heart of Azerbaijani culture.


In terms of area and population, Azerbaijan is the largest of the Transcaucasian republics. The territory of the republic is 86.6 thousand sq. km. The population, as of November 2020, is more than 10 million people.

There are many mountainous areas in Azerbaijan - almost half of the territory. In the north - the ridge of the Caucasus, in the middle part - the Kura-Arak lowland, in the southeast - the Talysh mountains and the Lankaran lowland, in the west - the Karabakh highland.

Rarely does a country boast such a diverse climate. Azerbaijan - maybe because this country holds the record for the number of natural and climatic zones: there are as many as nine out of 11 types here.
The warm subtropics of the Lenkoran lowland, the snowy peaks of the Caucasus, the warm waves of the Caspian Sea, healing water resorts, all of these you can find in Azerbaijan. If you walk through the woods you will see rare species of plants - iron tree (Damir agach), Iberian oak, chestnut oak, persimmon, or if you sit on a bench in the city you can smell the aromas of Japanese sophora, blooming jasmine and admire the white and pink oleander, looking at the woven crowns of veteran olive trees.


Nowadays, many are attracting tourists and promise to surprise them with the harmony of Europe and the East. Azerbaijan does not promise, it surprises, because no other country has such a harmonious dialogue between the two sides of East and West as here. The capital of Azerbaijan, Baku, combines the architecture of a modern European city and the historical spirit of the old city.

The beautiful Maiden Tower is visible from the windows of the skyscrapers of the business centers, fashionable hotels are adjacent to the streets of Icheri Sheher ("Old City"). Such pearls of Baku, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List are: Icheri Sheher, the Maiden Tower and a unique architectural and cultural ensemble - the Palace of the Shirvanshahs.

That is why tourists from all over the world come here. For their sake, the republic is actively developing the tourism sector, opening hotels for every taste and budget. True, the corona virus pandemic has made its own adjustments, but hospitable hosts are patiently waiting for their guests, ready at any time to open the doors of hotels, restaurants, shopping and business centers, museums, concert halls and theaters.

More than 20 museums function in Baku, and 130 museums in the republic. Lovers of history and antiquity will like the carpet museum with its richest collection, the temple of fire worshipers - Atashgah, the Gobustan open-air museum with drawings on the rocks left by distant, distant ancestors.

For modernity, please visit the Heydar Aliyev Center. This extraordinary building is one of 11 unique projects by world famous architect Zaha Hadid. It hosts exhibitions, scientific discussions and creative debates.

And those who are tired of such an abundance of cultural programs are invited to walk along the seaside boulevard, sit in a cafe on Fountain Square.
And be sure to drink aromatic tea collected on the tea plantations of Lankaran with numerous varieties of jam or national oriental sweets.


76 Khagani Street, Baku AZ1010, Azerbaijan
Tel.: (+99412) 493 43 00
Tel: (+99450) 250 88 48
Fax: (+99412) 493 72 53


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